Crystal D. Howard
Economist & Market Analyst

Crystal Howard has over 6 years of experience as an Economist specializing in the construction aggregates industry.  Utilizing her economics background, Ms. Howard has completed several market studies, economic impact reports and developed asset valuation models applied to the construction aggregates industry.  Her expertise is in identifying an issue and developing an analytical strategy for reaching an economical solution.  In addition to her economic analysis responsibilities, Ms. Howard engages in public outreach for the local construction aggregates industry.  She also has substantial experience working with GIS.  This skill significantly enhances her ability to create comprehensive studies and reports for the industry.


  • Preparation of construction aggregate market studies for a variety of mining operations.
  • Completed an economic impact report for a construction aggregate quarry.
  • Developed several mineral asset valuation models.
  • Manages and conducts CalCIMA Chapter meetings and objectives.
  • Educates public policy makers and community groups about construction aggregate economics.
  • Created a coalition of related associations in San Diego to focus on the availability of construction aggregates in the County.
  • Identifies potential locations for a rock quarry using GIS by incorporating various parameters which include: population density, geology, roadway circulation, available of critical public utilities, zoning, and biological constraints.
  • Managed projects with respect to staking mining claims as well as preparing a Notice and Plan of Operations for the Bureau of Land Management.
  • Supported numerous projects involving permit processing for Reclamation Plans, Site Plans, Major Use Permits, Conditional Use Permits, Financial Assurances, and Contract Negotiations.


  • Outstanding communication, presentation and interpersonal skills.
  • Excellent writing and analytical skills.
  • Knowledgeable of CEQA and NEPA, as well as EIS and EIR reports.

Work History

EnviroMINE, Inc., Economist and Market Analyst
San Diego, California, 2006 - Present

Project Cornerstone, Inc., Executive Director
San Diego, California, 2014 - Present

POWER Engineers, GIS Technician II
San Diego, California, 2005 - 2006
As lead GIS Technician, Ms. Howard developed precise editing procedures, maintained excellent client relationships and managed staff for utility projects.  She was responsible for training technicians to ensure projects were completed accurately to meet deadlines.

Environmental Management Research Group, Environmental Engineering Assistant & GIS Technician
Logan, Utah, 2002 - 2005
Ms. Howard was responsible for maintaining an Access database for water quality projects.  In addition, she assisted in developing and testing the custom GIS software developed by Utah State University, MapWindow.  Ms. Howard also performed water quality field studies, performed statistical analysis on project related data, and created a variety of maps for a variety of department environmental projects.

Cirrus Ecological Solutions, Project Assistant
Logan, Utah, 2000 - 2002


M.S., Agricultural Economics; graduate work emphasized natural resource policy as it related to agricultural practices, Purdue University, 1999
B.S., Managerial Economics, Utah State University, 1996

Memberships and Affiliations

  • California Asphalt Pavement Association (CalAPA)
  • California Construction and Industrial Materials Association (CalCIMA)
  • San Diego Regional Chamber of Commerce
  • Women in Mining (WIM)


Yap, Crystal; Ken Foster; Paul Preckel; Otto Doering; and Brian Richert. “Mitigating the Compliance Cost of a Phosphorus-Based Swine Manure Management Policy.” Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, 36, 1 (April 2004): 23-34.

Co-author of the “Hypoxia in the Gulf of Mexico: Topic 6. Evaluation of Economic Costs and Benefits of Methods for Reducing Nutrient Loads to the Gulf of Mexico.” A National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science Gulf of Mexico Hypoxia Assessment publication.

Graber, Brian; Crystal Yap; and Sara Johnson. “Small Dam Removal: A Review of Potential Economic Benefits.” Trout Unlimited, Oct. 2001.

Hobbies and Interests

Prior to working for EnviroMINE, Ms. Howard raced professionally for the Subway Cycling Team and served as the women’s team captain. Cycling requires discipline in training and mental toughness to perform at your best. She has transferred these skills to her job at EnviroMINE and strives to obtain the best outcome for clients.

Even after “retiring” from professional cycling and starting to work for EnviroMINE, Ms. Howard has continued to be involved in cycling. For instance, she competed in the 2007 Duathlon World Championships in Italy and is currently the women’s team captain and President of the SkyFlash Cycling team.